Minimum Wage

Philadelphia Restaurant and Market to Pay $660K for Overtime Violations

reading terminal market overtime issue

A produce market and a restaurant at Reading Terminal Market will pay $660,117 to settle overtime claims.  The settlement is for back wages and liquidated damages for 140 present and past workers to resolve violations of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act.

Department of Labor investigators found that Iovine Brothers Produce and Molly Malloy’s restaurant, which operates out of the Reading Terminal Market in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, violated the overtime and recordkeeping provisions of the FLSA.  The investigation determined that the companies failed to pay overtime at time-and-a-half when employees at the produce market and restaurant worked more than 40 hours in a workweek.  Instead, the employer paid for the overtime hours at straight time rates, in cash.  The failure affected regular hourly employees, and tipped employees, such as servers and bartenders. The employer also failed to maintain some of the payroll records required by law. A civil money penalty of $62,007 was assessed due to the willful nature of the wage theft violations.

“For workers in the restaurant and service sectors, money earned through overtime can make a big difference to their livelihood,” said a Department of Labor spokesman. “For employers in this competitive industry, maintaining a level playing field is critical.  Our top priorities are to ensure that workers are aware of their rights, and to help companies come into compliance with the law.”

The federal FLSA requires that covered, nonexempt employees be paid at least the minimum wage of $7.25 per hour ($11.00 per hour for workplaces with more than 10 workers in New York City), for all hours worked, plus time-and-one-half their regular rates for hours worked beyond 40 per week. Employers also must maintain accurate time and payroll records.

New York City French Restaurant Bagatelle to Pay $1.1 Million for Tip Credit Violations

server restaurant image waiter tip credit

Bagatelle will pay $1.1 million to settle a wage theft lawsuit claiming that the restaurant misappropriated the tips of its food service employees and improperly used a tip credit to pay restaurant workers less than the minimum wage, in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act and the New York Labor Law.  Bagatelle, the popular upscale French restaurant located in New York City’s Meatpacking District and self-described “NYC institution” is alleged to have required its food service workers, including servers, runners, bussers, and bartenders to share tips with tip ineligible employees, such as managers and silver polishers.   According to the lawsuit, brought by two servers who worked at the restaurant in 2015, when one of the servers asked his manager how much he had earned in tips on a particular night, he was referred to two different managers and never received an answer.

Attorneys for the workers also alleged that Bagatelle used a tip credit to pay its food service workers at the tipped minimum wage, despite failing to give them notice and requiring them to share tips with back of the house employees such as glass polishers and food expeditors.

The proposed settlement encompasses all servers, runners, bussers, and bartenders who worked at Bagatelle from January 1, 2012 to March 1, 2017.  It is estimated that the settlement will cover at least 100 workers and will be distributed in two categories: a. the amount of tips each worker received during his or her work period at Bagatelle, and b. a calculation based on total weeks worked.

Denny’s Restaurants Cheated Assistant Managers out of Overtime Wages According to New York lawsuit

Denny's overtime New York assistant managers

Denny’s restaurants paid Assistant Managers on a salary to avoid paying them overtime, according to a lawsuit filed in New York federal court. An Assistant Manager in Horseheads, New York alleges he worked 50 to 70 hours per week on average, but was not paid overtime compensation at time- and-a-half his regular hourly rate for all hours worked over 40 each week.  Instead, he says Denny’s paid Assistant Managers an annual salary regardless of the number of hours worked.

The lawsuit is directed at franchise FEAST American Diners LLC, which operates 17 Denny’s restaurants in New York.  Attorneys for the Assistant Manager claim that Assistant Managers at Denny’s had primary job duties that included preparing food, helping customers, bussing tables, cleaning the restaurant, labelling and rotating food product, and checking inventory.  The lawsuit alleges that the Assistant Managers did not exercise the responsibilities of a manager or use independent judgment and discretion in running the restaurants, as they did not hire, fire, discipline, or direct the work of other Denny’s employees.

The lawsuit claims that Denny’s restaurants did not provide labor budgets with enough money to cover all hours needed to complete the necessary manual labor tasks.  As a result, they contend Denny’s had knowledge that this underfunding led to Assistant Managers working more than 40 hours per week while mainly performing the overtime-eligible work tasks described above.  The lawsuit also alleges Denny’s failed to keep accurate time records, does not record all hours worked by Assistant Managers, and failed to post a notice explaining the minimum wage and overtime wage requirements anywhere in the restaurants.

This lawsuit continues a recent trend of restaurant workers alleging misclassification as Assistant Managers so they would be “exempt” from the FLSA requirement to receive overtime pay at time and a half for hours worked over forty in a workweek.  Other restaurants hit with lawsuits claiming Assistant Managers were paid a salary to avoid overtime pay include Cracker Barrel, Dunkin Donuts, Chipotle, Jack in the Box, and Jimmy John’s.

 

New York City’s Gramercy Tavern Will Pay $695,000 to Restaurant Workers for Wage Theft

Gramercy Tavern

Gramercy Tavern, the popular Danny Meyer-owned upscale eatery located in New York City’s Flatiron District has agreed to pay $695,000 to current and former restaurant workers for wage theft violations, including an allegedly illegal tip pool and failure to pay workers the minimum wage.  The lawsuit, brought by two former bussers, claims Gramercy Tavern engaged in unlawful tip pooling practices by requiring service employees, such as service staff, bussers, runners, captains, and other service workers to share their tips with non-service employees. According to the lawsuit, these non-service employees included expeditors, silverware polishers, wine managers, and other workers who did not regularly and customarily interact with customers.

The bussers had claimed Gramercy Tavern used a tip credit to pay its workers at the tipped minimum wage, despite retaining a portion of the tips shared by employees and requiring them to participate in the illegal tip pool with non-service employees.  Employers may not use a tip credit unless the service employees retain 100% of all tips and gratuities they receive.

The workers also alleged that Gramercy Tavern required clients to pay an automatic “service charge” of 20% of the total bill for private events, but that none of these gratuities were distributed to the event’s service workers, in violation of the New York Labor Law.

The settlement will be distributed to approximately 220 waiters, waitresses, captains, bussers, food runners, and coffee runners who worked at Gramercy Tavern at any time between June 23, 2011 and September 15, 2016.  The settlement was approved on May 17, 2017 by Judge James C. Francis, a federal judge in New York.

 

May 21st is National Waiters and Waitresses Day – Know Your Rights!

server restaurant image waiter tip credit

Today is National Waiters and Waitresses Day, but many restaurants in New York will continue to pay their waitstaff incorrectly today, as they do everyday.

If you are a server, runner, bartender, or busser in New York, you should know your rights.  Here are ten wage theft violations that you need to know about:

  1. Management Stealing TipsOwners and managers cannot take a share of the waitstaff’s tips for themselves or use tips to pay for kitchen workers or non-service staff.
  2. Minimum Wage 

    Restaurants in New York are required to pay their waitstaff either a minimum wage (ranging between $9.70 and $11.00 depending on size of employer and location) or a tipped minimum wage ($7.50 per hour in New York).

  3. Overtime Pay 

    Restaurants are supposed to pay their workers overtime at an overtime rate of one and one-half times the worker’s regular rate of pay for all hours worked above 40 per week.

  4. Notice of Tip CreditRestaurants must give waiters, waitresses, runners, bartenders, and bussers proper notice of a “tip credit” before paying them the reduced minimum wage of $7.50.
  5. Misappropriation of “Service Charge” 

    New York restaurants cannot keep the fixed gratuity or “service charge” charged to customers when the customers believe that it is a tip going to waitstaff.

  6. Spread-of-Hours Pay 

    New York restaurants are required to provide their workers with an extra hour of pay at the full minimum wage rate whenever the length of their work day exceeds ten hours.

  7. Credit Card Fees 

    An employer may deduct no more than the credit card processing fees assessed on the charged tips. In other words, the restaurant cannot deduct 5% from your tips for credit card fees if the credit card companies are only charging the restaurant 3% to process the payment.

  8. Charging for Customer Walkouts 

    Servers should not be charged for customers who dine and dash.

  9. Breakage Charges 

    Servers do not have to pay for broken plates or glassware.

  10. Uniform MaintenanceWaitstaff should not be charged for buying or cleaning a uniform.

Gallagher’s Steakhouse in NYC Accused of “Blatantly Stealing” from Workers in Wage Theft Lawsuit

Gallaghers steakhouse wage theft lawsuit

Gallagher’s Steakhouse in New York City and its owner, long time Long Island Restauranteur Dean Poll has been sued for wage theft, including failure to pay minimum wage and overtime pay, in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act and the New York Labor Law.  In the lawsuit, a former waiter at the restaurant claims Gallagher’s paid all front of the house employees working at the restaurant at the tipped minimum wage, which is currently $7.50 per hour in New York, without giving them notice of the restaurant’s intent to utilize the tip credit. The lawsuit states that due to the misuse of the tip credit, Gallagher’s paid its workers the wrong overtime rate for all hours worked each week over forty.

Dean Poll, who owns Gallagher’s Steakhouse as well as The Loeb Boathouse in New York City’s Central Park, is accused of “blatantly stealing wages” from Gallagher’s wait staff.  Attorneys for the worker allege that Gallagher’s automatically deducted pay for restaurant workers’ thirty-minute lunch breaks, even though the restaurant knew that the workers were not actually taking these breaks.  As a result, wages for the waitstaff were cut by two and-a-half hours each week.  The wage theft lawsuit also claims that Gallagher’s failed to provide servers with proper notice of wages at their time of hiring and accurate pay statements with each payment as required under the New York Labor Law.

Pechman Law Group has successfully settled several cases for restaurant workers employed at New York City steakhouses, including a record $3.15 million settlement with Sparks Steak House in New York City for an illegal tip pooling scheme.

 

 

Puerto Rico’s La Piccola Fontana Sued Again, This Time for Retaliation

la piccola fontana puerto rico

A little over one year after filing a wage and hour lawsuit against La Piccola Fontana, workers now sue the restaurant for retaliation.  Located in Hilton’s San Juan Hotel and Casino in Carolina, Puerto Rico, La Piccola has a sister restaurant in the island’s Waldorf Astoria hotel, El Conquistador.  In 2015, several waiters and bartenders brought suit on their behalf and other workers’ behalf in the federal court of Puerto Rico, alleging violations of federal and Puerto Rican minimum and overtime wage laws.

That complaint asserts that La Piccola improperly applied a tip credit against the waitstaff’s wages because it failed to notify waitstaff of the laws establishing the tip credit and imposed an invalid tip pool in which managers were incorrectly included.  The Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) currently sets the minimum wage at $7.25, except for workers under 25 years of age who, for their first ninety days of work, can be paid as little as $4.25 under the new law called PROMESA (the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act).  If properly claiming the tip credit, an employer must pay tipped workers at least $2.13 an hour.

According to the most recent complaint, La Piccola later closed for renovations in late 2016, promising the waitstaff suing the restaurant that they would be able to continue their jobs once renovations completed.  Those workers say that they were not called back to work when La Piccola reopened in 2017.  They claim that the restaurant refused to continue employing them in retaliation for complaining about their unpaid wages, in violation of the FLSA, the Puerto Rico Unjust Dismissal Act, and Puerto Rico Retaliation Act.  The suit seeks over $1 million in damages for economic and mental suffering alone.  The workers’ original claims could not be resolved at mediation and are now proceeding to trial.

Workers Accuse Connecticut Diner of Wage Theft

server restaurant image waiter tip credit

Hamden Town House Restaurant in Hamden, Connecticut has been sued for wage pay violations by workers, employed at the diner as dishwashers, busboys, prep cooks, and cooks. Attorneys for the workers claim the diner required the workers to work between 53 and 72 hours every week and paid them a salary which resulted in hourly pay rates as low as $3.14 per hour, well below the minimum wage. They also allege the diner never paid them any overtime premium for weekly hours worked over 40. The workers also claim they were not given rest breaks despite consistently working 11 or 12-hour shifts, and that they had to work as many as eight straight hours before they could take a lunch break.

According to the lawsuit, the Connecticut diner paid the workers in cash, without any receipts or use of a time keeping system. The workers claim they were required to sign a book each week that inaccurately listed their hours and pay. The owners consistently either reduced the number of hours they worked, or falsely recorded their pay as higher than it really was. If they refused to sign off on the information in the book, they were paid nothing at all. Also, according to one worker, the owners periodically deducted approximately twenty dollars from his pay without explanation.

Connecticut’s current minimum wage is $9.60 per hour. The tipped minimum wage is currently $6.38 per hour for tipped workers (or $8.23 per hour for bartenders). The Connecticut Department of Labor also requires employers to pay employees a rate of at least one and a half times their regular rate of pay for all hours worked over 40. Further, employers in Connecticut must keep accurate wage records for all employees. Tipped workers in Connecticut must also sign weekly tip credit statements confirming that they are aware of the tipped minimum wage regulations in Connecticut and that they received a sufficient amount of payment via tips to be eligible for the tip credit.

Pechman Law Group recently settled a wage payment case against Maine Fish Market in East Windsor, Connecticut for $750,000. In that case, the workers alleged that the restaurant failed to give its servers and bartenders tip credit statements as required by Connecticut law, required them to pay for breakages, customer walkouts, and uniforms, and took ten to fifteen percent of each servers’ tips on a daily basis to pay other employees’ wages.

 

 

 

 

World-renowned Chef and Restauranteur David Bouley Sued for Tip Credit Wage Violations

Bouley front of restaurant minimum wage

A former restaurant worker at three of David Bouley’s New York City restaurants and event spaces claims the world-famous Bouley institutions failed to pay tipped restaurant employees minimum wage and overtime pay in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) and the New York Labor Law.

The worker, who was employed as a runner at Bouley Restaurant, Bouley Test Kitchen, and Bouley Botanical from June 2010 to September 2016, also alleges that the restaurants required workers to pay to clean and maintain their uniforms out of their own pockets, and failed to provide workers with a pay notice or accurate wage statements, in violation of the New York Labor Law.

In the collective and class action lawsuit, filed in federal court in the Southern District of New York, the runner asserts that the Bouley restaurants paid tipped employees, including captains, servers, front waiters, assistants, bussers, runners, and baristas at the tipped minimum wage, currently $7.50 in per hour in New York, while requiring them to share their tips with non-service employees.  Specifically, the runner claims the Bouley restaurants permitted expediters, who are back of house employees with little to no direct customer interaction, to participate in the tip pool.  He also says the restaurant never gave the tipped workers notice of its intent to use the tip credit provision.

According to the FLSA, employers can take a “tip credit” and pay tipped employees below the federal minimum wage.  The United States Department of Labor regulations provide, however, that a restaurant will not qualify for the “tip credit” when tipped employees share tips with non-tipped workers who do not customarily and regularly receive tips, or when tipped workers do not receive notice of an employer’s intent to claim the tip credit.

 

 

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